To understand what is sciatica pain, let’s have a look at the anatomy of the sciatica nerve. Sciatica nerve is one of the longest nerves present in the human body. It initiates from the lower back, splits into branches that run through the hips, buttocks, legs, and feet on both sides of the body. Sciatica pain circulates along the path of the sciatica nerve, causing pain, inflammation, or even numbness in the affected side (it usually takes place in one side of the body at once).
The human spine is made up of vertebrae that are separated by the cushions of tissues called the discs. These cushions start to herniate or begin to make their way out of their hard-outer rings due to some injury or age factor. It causes the narrowing of the spine that leads to the compression of the parts of the sciatica nerve.
Signs of sciatica pain
Sciatica pain can be severe that usually starts from the lower back and moves towards the legs and feet. You may feel a sharp ache when you step foot on the ground. Many sufferers also complain about tingling, numbness, and weakness in the leg, along with sharp pain. Some also face problems in controlling their bladders or bowels.
The risk factors of sciatica include age, obesity, prolonged sitting, jobs that demand to carry heavy loads, and diabetes.
When doctors diagnose the symptoms of sciatica, they first recommend the combinations of non-surgical solutions such as physical therapy or exercises, application of the hot and cold packs, bed rest, yoga, acupuncture, and the over-the-counter pain relievers. If the over-the-counter pain relievers don’t work, doctors then prescribe anti-inflammatories or strong muscle relaxants. If the symptoms persist, the patients are taken into the surgery as well.
To avoid sciatica pain, maintain a proper posture when you sit and exercise daily.