What is Frozen shoulder?

A condition that may cause stiffness and pain leading to the loss of normal range of shoulder movement is known as frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis. It is a severe disability, the conditions of which get worse if not treated on time.

The human shoulder joint is made up of bones, ligaments, and tendons that are all surrounded by a network of a group of tissues called the shoulder capsule. With a frozen shoulder, this capsule thickens and hardens around the shoulder joint, and as a result, restricts the shoulder movement.


The symptoms of a frozen shoulder develop gradually and in three stages. Each stage lasts for a couple of months, and the patient can take two to three years to recover from the condition.


In the initial pain, the sufferer feels pain when he moves his shoulder and complaints about the limited range of shoulder movement. It is the freezing stage that lasts for four to twelve months.


The shoulder gets tense, and it becomes harder to move it. However, the pain may start to reduce during this stage. This stage is known as the frozen stage that again lasts for four to twelve months.


The last stage is known as the thawing stage. During this stage, the movement of the shoulder starts getting back to normal.


Scientists and doctors have still not found a valid reason why some people develop this condition; however, certain factors increase the chances of developing a frozen shoulder.

  • People aging between 40 to 60 years are more prone to this condition.
  • As per the facts and figures, women more likely to develop it as compared to men.
  • Diseases like tuberculosis, diabetes, underactive, and overactive thyroid increase the risk of a frozen shoulder.
  • If someone is recovering from a surgery or broken arm or stroke or rotator cuff injury, they may also develop this condition.
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